Thinking / Feeling

“When we think, it is in order to judge or to reach a conclusion, and when we feel it is in order to attach a proper value to something; sensations and intuition, on the other hand, are perceptive – they make us aware of what is happening, but do not interpret or evaluate it.  They do not act selectively according to principles, but are simply receptive of what happens.  But ‘what happens’ is merely nature, and therefore essentially non-rational.”

Jung calls the first duad sensibility (or feeling) and intellect.  There are two ways of analyzing what you perceive around you.  You can base your life on evaluating things by how they feel; then you will have a wonderfully differentiated and developed sensibility.  Your appreciation of the arts and the nuances and the richness of life will be great.  On the other hand, you can judge things in terms of intellectual decisions – right and wrong, propitious and unpropitious, prudent and imprudent.  If you make your decisions on only one basis, the other is not being developed.  [

(Western) society requires men to develop the thinking, intellectual function, while it requires women to develop the feeling function, sensibility.  Of course, whichever function isn’t stressed takes on an inferior quality. 

It is the dialogue between these two functions that educates us.  The inferior function – whether intellect or sensibility – remains in the unconscious. 

Intellect and feeling, however, are difficult to put into one harness – they conflict with one another by definition.  Whoever identifies with an intellectual standpoint will occasionally find his feeling confronting him like an enemy in the guise of the anima; conversely, an intellectual animus will make violent attacks on the feeling standpoint. 

… the fact that the perception or seeing of inner images requires an attitude of feminine receptivity, whereas the ability to grasp and understand what has been seen is made possible by the masculine mind.  TGL 77


The intellect is undeniably useful in its own field, but is a great cheat and illusionist outside of it whenever it tries to manipulate values. 

It would seem that one can pursue any science with the intellect alone except psychology, whose subject – the psyche – has more than the two aspects mediated by sense-perception and thinking.


The function of value – feeling – is an integral part of our conscious orientation and ought not to be missing in a psychological judgment of any scope, otherwise the model we are trying to build of the real process will be incomplete. Every psychic process has a value quality attached to it, namely its feeling-tone. This indicates the degree to which the subject is affected by the process or how much it means to him.

When (a man) does come forth with sentiment, the kind of books or plays or music he likes will tend to be thin and trite; they’re no good at all. 

Well, you can’t argue with a woman whose perception has been primarily developed in terms of feeling functions; her decisions do not come from logical connections.


     Sensation / Intuition

“Here we should speak of “sensation’ when the sense organs are involved, and of intuition if we are dealing with a kind of perception which cannot be traced directly to conscious sensory experience.  I have therefore defined sensation as perception through conscious sensory processes, and intuition as perception by way of unconscious contents and connections

If you always live in terms of the potentialities of things – the intuitive realities – then you’re not living in terms of the actualities, the sensual realities.  And of course, vice-versa. 


Intuition is the primary political talent.  It is the tact for time, the sense of the possible.  The intuitive person sees the future and past stretching out like ribbons of probability.


By sensation I understand what the French psychologists call "la fonction du réel", which is the sum-total of my awareness of external facts given to me through the function of my senses.  So I think that the French term "la fonction du réel" explains it in the most comprehensive way.  Sensation tells me that something is: it does not tell me what it is and it does not tell me other things about that something; it only tells me that something is.   

   anoesis \an-oh-EE-sis\, noun:

A state of mind consisting of pure sensation or emotion without cognitive content.


When it comes up, it comes up compulsively; it can’t be argued with.  So these two are sides that have to be developed; one will be inferior and the other superior.  This works like the sex and power balance, but it is a totally different matter; sex and power, for our purposes, are unrelated. 

He (Jung) felt you have to balance out these competing functions – sex versus power, intellect versus sensibility, intuition versus sensation – in order to escape the enantiodromia of the midlife crisis.