Anthropos

To some extent (King Arthur) embodies in himself the Anthropos – a visible and collectively conscious aspect of human totality – now become visible.  In this sense Arthur represents the idea of wholeness as it was conceived in the first millennium of the Christian era, his Round Table and twelve knights clearly connecting him with Christ.  TGL 55

As the figure of Lady Charity represents the light, so the Melusine depicts the natural, ambiguous nature of the anima.  But she, too, the dark unconscious human psyche with its indwelling urge towards individuation, aims at the heart of Christ.  All the pictures illustrate the tendency of the unconscious to transfer the highest value away from the conventional aspects of Christ towards his essential quality of Anthropos or the second Adam as being a more complete symbol of the Self.  TGL 101

   In all of these movements a preoccupation with the problem of evil of nature, of the feminine and of the divine in the individual, was manifested in a form which sought to supplement those elements that until then had been lacking in Christianity.  The natural symbols of psychic wholeness, or the Self, do not fully coincide empirically with the traditional figure of Christ, since the shadow is missing in the latter or else appears split off into the contrasting figure of the Antichrist.  In alchemy, on the other hand, the image of the Anthropos (or of the Son of Man) was continually amplified since its earliest appearance and in the image of the lapis and of Mercurius was expanded into a paradoxical symbol of the Self in which the opposites were reconciled.  TGL 102

The fact that he is destined by a long line of ancestors to achieve the redemption of the Grail Kingdom, together with the essential genuineness of his nature and all the character traits of the fairy tale here which he has assimilated, suggest that he himself should be interpreted as an Anthropos figure which, like the Mecurius-lapis of the alchemists, should compensate and amplify the Christ-image then dominating the collective consciousness.  TGL 109