Among the earliest temples excavated and reconstructed are that at Khafaje and the very similar one at Al-Ubaid, which dates from around 3500 B.C. and was dedicated to the goddess Ninhursag.  In all the old Sumerian cities, the temple is at the center of the community and is the largest structure, and the Goddess-dedicated temple compounds were in the form of a cow’s vulva.  The sacred cow, which still exists in India, is the animal form of Mother Universe.  The cow goddess is Goddess Mother of the world, and it is through her generation that all boons, all energy, all people proceed.   G75